Day 7: Humanism
October 26, 2009 by kltangen
Humanism was a reaction to behaviorism. It was a return to valuing being human. According to this view, people can’t be reduced to stimulus-response explanations. We’re more complex than that. We’re more valuable than that.
Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) is best known for his optimistic view of human nature, his hierarchy of needs, his emphasis on self-actualization, and his distinction between D motives and B motives.
Carl Ramsom Rogers (1902-1988) founded “nondirective” therapy. Later, he modified the approach and called it “client centered” because it stressed the client-therapist relationship and the importance of “unconditional regard” (total acceptance).